A recent landmark study published in the journal Nature showed that older fathers were more likely than younger ones to pass on a gene mutation that is responsible for the risk of developing autism and schizophrenia. The researchers in the study reasoned that random mutations were more present as the father grew older, which provided a plausible explanation for the surging rate of autism observed in recent decades along with the average increase in age of conceiving fathers. Autism spectrum ...Continue Reading
Sometimes stress is unavoidable. It could be that the kids are fighting with each other (again!), a work colleague is annoying you, or that your boss is putting a lot of pressure on you. No matter the cause you find your body getting tense, your heart beating faster, your breaths shorter and your brain unable to function as you need it to. In that moment, you are incapable of being as productive as normal.
Why does stress occur?
Let’s take ...Continue Reading
After the reliability of the looker was established, the infants completed the True-Belief Task in which they observed an experimenter playing with a red cup in a puppet theatre stage and then hid the cup in one of two box locations located on opposite sides of the stage – a yellow box or green box. The infant then witnessed several trials of the “looker” searching for the red cup in the location where she hid it and then observed a ...Continue Reading
An important aspect of a child’s cognitive development is the emergence of a theory of mind, or the ability to understand that others can have beliefs, knowledge and desires that are different from one’s own. Previously, it was believed that children showed this ability around the age of 3 to 4 by using a verbal task to tap into their understanding of other people’s mental states. More recent studies have looked at infants’ understanding of theory of mind by using ...Continue Reading
When it came to the Gaze Following Task, researchers found that infants in the “reliable looker” condition followed the experimenter’s gaze to a target behind the barrier more often than infants in the “unreliable looker” condition. Both groups followed the experimenter’s gaze to the sticker that was visible on the front of the barrier equally as often. These findings suggest that when the unreliable looker was looking at a toy that was outside the infants’ view, they potentially used their ...Continue Reading